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FLUORIDE SORPTION USING MORRINGA INDICA-BASED ACTIVATED CARBON

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Author(s): G. Karthikeyan, S. Siva Ilango

Journal: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
ISSN 1735-1979

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 21;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: Fluoride | adsorption | langmuir isotherm | freundlich isotherm | intraparticle diffusion | thermodynamic parameters

ABSTRACT
Batch adsorption experiments using activated carbon prepared from Morringa Indica bark were conducted to remove fluoride from aqueous solution. A minimum contact time of 25 min was required for optimum fluoride removal. The influence of adsorbent, dose, pH, co-ions (cations and anions) on fluoride removal by the activated carbon has been experimentally verified. The adsorption of fluoride was studied at 30 C, 40 C and 50 C. The kinetics of adsorption and adsorption isotherms at different temperatures were studied. The fluoride adsorption obeyed both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms and followed a pseudo first order kinetic model. The thermodynamic studies revealed that the fluoride adsorption by Morringa Indica is an endothermic process indicating an increase in sorption rate at higher temperatures. The negative values of G indicate the spontaneity of adsorption. SEM and XRD studies confirmed the surface morphological characteristics of the adsorbent and the deposition of fluoride on the surface of the material.
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