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Food-borne parasitic zoonosis: Distribution of trichinosis in Thailand

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Author(s): Natthawut Kaewpitoon, Soraya Jatesadapattaya Kaewpitoon, Prasit Pengsaa

Journal: World Journal of Gastroenterology
ISSN 1007-9327

Volume: 14;
Issue: 22;
Start page: 3471;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Food-born parasitic | Zoonosis | Trichinosis | Thailand

ABSTRACT
Trichinosis is among the most common food-borne parasitic zoonoses in Thailand and many outbreaks are reported each year. This paper investigates the distribution of the disease in regions of north, north-east, central and south Thailand. Between the earliest recorded of outbreak of trichinosis in Mae Hong Son Province in 1962 and 2006, there have been 135 outbreaks involving 7340 patients and 97 deaths in Thailand. The highest number of cases, 557, was recorded in 1983. Most infected patients were in the 35-44 year age group, and the disease occurred more frequently in men than women during 1962-2003, with no significant sex difference during 2004-2006. Outbreaks were most common in the northern areas, especially in rural areas where raw and under-cooked pork and/or wild animals are eaten. Human infections occur annually in northern Thailand during communal feasts celebrating the Thai New Year. Trichinosis causes have been reported every year, supporting the need for planning education programs.
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