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Food Consumption Pattern and Calcium Status of Adolescents in Nnewi, Nigeria

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Author(s): H.N. Henry-Unaeze | C.N. Okonkwo

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
ISSN 1680-5194

Volume: 10;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 317;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Consumption patterns | calcium status | adolescents

ABSTRACT
This study investigated the food consumption pattern and calcium status of 200 adolescents (12-19 years) in Nnewi, Anambra State Nigeria. Data were obtained by means of pre-tested standard questionnaire and biochemical analysis of serum to determine calcium status. The result showed that majority of the respondents parents were traders (35.5%) and secondary school graduates (40.5%). About 67.5% of the subjects consume 3 meals/day and the frequency of milk consumption was very low (17.7%). Consequently, their mean Body Mass Index (BMI) (19.153.06) was within the normal range while their serum calcium concentration (7.123.54) was lower than the recommended value (8.10-10.40mg). Sex was significantly related (x2 = 15.22, p = 0.004) to the BMI and intake of milk significantly (p
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