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Food and nutrient intake in relation to mental wellbeing

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Author(s): Hakkarainen Reeta | Partonen Timo | Haukka Jari | Virtamo Jarmo | Albanes Demetrius | Lönnqvist Jouko

Journal: Nutrition Journal
ISSN 1475-2891

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 14;
Date: 2004;
Original page

Keywords: anxiety | depression | food | insomnia | nutrition

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background We studied food consumption and nutrient intake in subjects with depressed mood, anxiety and insomnia as indices of compromised mental wellbeing. Methods The study population consisted of 29,133 male smokers aged 50 to 69 years who entered the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study in 1985–1988. This was a placebo-controlled trial to test whether supplementation with alpha-tocopherol or beta-carotene prevents lung cancer. At baseline 27,111 men completed a diet history questionnaire from which food and alcohol consumption and nutrient intake were calculated. The questionnaire on background and medical history included three symptoms on mental wellbeing, anxiety, depression and insomnia experienced in the past four months. Results Energy intake was higher in men who reported anxiety or depressed mood, and those reporting any such symptoms consumed more alcohol. Subjects reporting anxiety or depressed mood had higher intake of omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids. Conclusions Our findings conflict with the previous reports of beneficial effects of omega-3 fatty acids on mood.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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