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Food Sources and Intake of Calcium in a Representative Sample of Spanish Adults

Author(s): Pilar Estaire | Liliana G. González-Rodríguez | Ana M. López-Sobaler | Rosa M. Ortega

Journal: Food and Nutrition Sciences
ISSN 2157-944X

Volume: 03;
Issue: 09;
Start page: 1269;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Calcium | Dairy Products | Inadequate Intake | Food Sources | Spanish Adults

The present study aimed to assess calcium intake, dietary sources of this nutrient and its adequacy with respect to the dietary reference intake (DRI) in a representative sample of Spanish adults. In this study 418 adults (18 to 60 years) from 15 Spanish provinces were studied. Energy and nutrient intake was determined using a 24-hour recall questionnaire for two days. Adequacy of calcium intake was assessed using the established DRI for calcium. Anthropometric data (weight and height) were measured and the body mass index was calculated. Seventy eight percent of the participants in the study did not meet the DRI for calcium. Additionally, 33.7% of the participants did not meet the 67% of the DRI. The daily intake of calcium was 916.6 ± 288.1 mg/day, which represented the 81.3% of the DRI of calcium. Interestingly, subjects who had higher intake of calcium were taller. Additionally, it has been observed that individuals with normal body weight (BMI
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