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Forensic importance of homicide

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Author(s): Novaković Milan

Journal: Medicinski Pregled
ISSN 0025-8105

Volume: 62;
Issue: 7-8;
Start page: 358;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: Homicide | Forensic Science | Socioeconomic Factors | Psychology | Bosnia-Herzegovina

ABSTRACT
Introduction. This study encompassed the total number of homicides in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) in the period from 1st January 1997 to 31st December 2006 and then analyzed homicidal behaviour. The aim is to assess the differences between the people who committed violent and those who committed accidental homicide in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Material and methods. In a multicentric, retrospective study of comparing the groups with equal number of respondents we analysed the individuals who had committed violent (n=135) and accidental homicides (n=135). The homicides were tested by using socio-demographic and psychosocial items. Measurement instruments were: General data list, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Emotions Profile Index (EPI). The descriptive and multivariable logistic analysis was done statistically. Results. In the descriptive analysis the socio-demographically violent murderers were: male gender (c2=3.340, P=0.009), more workers than officials (c2=7.340, P=0.011), fathers were more often workers/farmers (c2=1.430, P=0.046), gambling (c2 =13.100,P=0.001) and possible recidivism (c2 = 6.770, a P = 0.001). The accidental murderers were family people (c2 =4.100, P =0.041), with more frequent drug abuse (c2 =3.190, P= 0.012) and they would not repeat the delict. In the multivariate analysis the violent murderers were highly discriminated (P=0.001) from accidental ones by: war involvement r =0.1148, OR =2.971 (95%), CI=1.040-7.890; age, father's education, psychoticism (EPQ) r =-0.1085, OR= 0.291(95%), CI= 0.110-0870, HDRS-total r= -0.1797, OR= 0.830 (95%), CI=0.710 - 0.930, destructiveness r = 0.1270, OR =1.560 (95%), CI=1.197-2.032, and deprivation in the P. I. E. tests. Conclusion. By the violence of their acts murderers confirm micro-social model of transferring the violence, and transition and heredity confirm the ecological-developmental trans-generation model of violence. Accidental murderers commit homicide in anomy, with intoxications and prolonged psycho-traumatism.

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