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Formulation and evaluation of nitrendipine buccal films

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Author(s): Nappinnai M | Chandanbala R | Balaijirajan R

Journal: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 0250-474X

Volume: 70;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 631;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Buccal films | carboxymethylcellulose | hydroxylpropylcellulose | nitrendipine

ABSTRACT
A mucoadhesive drug delivery system for systemic delivery of nitrendipine, a calcium channel blocker through buccal route was formulated. Mucoadhesive polymers like hydroxypropylmethylcellulose K-100, hydroxypropylcellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium alginate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl pyrrolidone K-30 and carbopol-934P were used for film fabrication. The films were evaluated for their weight, thickness, percentage moisture absorbed and lost, surface pH, folding endurance, drug content uniformity, In vitro residence time, In vitro release and ex vivo permeation. Based on the evaluation of these results, it was concluded that buccal films made of hydroxylpropylcellulose and sodium carboxymethylcellulose (5±2% w/v; F-4), which showed moderate drug release (50% w/w at the end of 2 h) and satisfactory film characteristics could be selected as the best among the formulations studied.
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