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Four Bacillus sp. soil isolates capable of degrading phenol, toluene, biphenyl, naphthalene and other aromatic compounds exhibit different aromatic catabolic potentials

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Author(s): Đokić Lidija | Narančić Tanja | Nikodinović-Runić Jasmina | Bajkić Sanja | Vasiljević Branka

Journal: Archives of Biological Sciences
ISSN 0354-4664

Volume: 63;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 1057;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Bacillus | biodegradation | phenol | toluene | phenol hydroxylase

ABSTRACT
Two novel Bacillus sp. were isolated from a soil sample from a bank of the Tamiš river in close proximity to a petrochemical facility. They were capable of utilizing a broad range of aromatic compounds as a sole source of carbon and energy (including phenol, benzene, toluene, biphenyl, naphthalene). The isolates were designated as Bacillus sp. TN41 and TN42, based on their 16S rDNA sequence. Their catabolic potential was compared to two Bacillus sp. strains (PS1 and PS11) isolated from the rhizosphere of the endemorelict plant Ramonda serbica. Specific activities of phenol hydroxylase, catechol 1,2-dioxygenase and catechol 2,3-dioxygenase were analyzed from crude cell extracts of the isolates, as well as the temperature and pH effects on enzyme activity. Although all four isolates had the ability to degrade a similar range of aromatic compounds, the specific activities of the enzymes indicative of aromatic compound catabolism of TN isolates were 2 to 90-fold lower compared to the PS isolates. Phenol hydroxylase and catechol dioxygenases exhibited broad temperature (10°C-80°C) and pH (4-9) activity ranges in all four Bacillus isolates. While phenol inhibited both phenol hydroxylase and catechol dioxygenases in the TN strains, it was an inducer for phenol hydroxylase in the PS strains.

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Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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