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Frequency of orthopedic diseases in horses: A retrospective study

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Author(s): Kovač Milomir | Nowak Michael | Küpers Silke | Tambur Zoran

Journal: Veterinarski Glasnik
ISSN 0350-2457

Volume: 56;
Issue: 5-6;
Start page: 307;
Date: 2002;
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Keywords: horses | orthopedic disease | frequency

ABSTRACT
This retrospective study determined the frequency of orthopedic diseases in horses. It was possible to establish 141 specific orthopedic diagnoses in 1955 horses with lameness. In 14.58 % horses, multiple pathologic orthopedic changes were determined. In 61.84 % cases, the pathologic changes were present on the thoracic limb, 28,86 % on the pelvic limb and other parts of the oganism (neck, spine, muscles) in 9.29 % cases. Pathologic changes on the tendons, ligaments, tendon sheats, bursae and muscles were determined in 31.51 % cases. Diseases of the hoof were present in 25.82 % cases. According to our investigation the most frequent orthopedic diseases are: podarthritis (acute, chronic, septic) (5.04 %), navicular disease (4.69 %), tendinitis m. flexor digitalis superfacialis (4.51 %), kissing spine syndrom (4.30 %) periarthritis et osteoarthrosis tarsi (3.30 %), distal metacarpal/metatarzophalengeal tendovaginitis (3.30 %) and high suspensory ligament desmitis (3.12 %). Most frequent fractures were diagnosed on the metacarpal/metatarsal bone II and IV (2.56 %). Osteochondrossis dissecans was most frequently determined in the tarsocrural (1.26 %) and the metacarpophalengeal joint (1.56 %).
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