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From “allies without alliance” to concerted action: Romania and Finland in the aftermath of the Operation Barbarossa (1941)

Author(s): Silviu Miloiu

Journal: Revista Româna de Studii Baltice si Nordice
ISSN 2067-1725

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 249;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: balance of power | joint decision | small and lesser powers | Romania | Finland | World War II

This study describes the relationship between two small and lesser states joining the German attack against Soviet Union in an attempt to recapture the territories lost to Soviet Union in 1940. It is conceived as an in-depth analysis of the Romanian-Finnish relations based on the criticism of archival sources discovered in the Romanian, Finnish and British archives. Becoming “allies without alliance” almost overnight, the relations between the two countries acknowledged a quick shift from low profile bonds to an agreement based on a combination of balance of power and joint action. The aim was to remove the threat Russia was posing to the two countries and to increase their influence at a peace conference to be open following the expected defeat of their big neighbour. Romania was the advocate of closer ties between the two countries keeping in line with its search for influence rather than autonomy in its foreign relations, while Finland was more prudent consistent with its choice for autonomy rather than influence.
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