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Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)-aided therapeutics of Chinese speech area-related lesions: Screening of fMRI-stimulating mode and its clinical applications

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Author(s): Wu Nan | Xie Bing | Wu Guo-cai | Lan Chuan | Wang Jian | Feng Hua

Journal: Neurology India
ISSN 0028-3886

Volume: 58;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 900;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Broca area | Chinese speech area | functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) | neuronavigation | Wernicke area

ABSTRACT
Background: Language area-related lesion is a serious issue in neurosurgery. Removing the lesion in the language area and at the same time preserving language functions is a great challenge. Aim: In this study, we aimed to screen functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) based task types suitable for activation of Broca and Wernicke areas in Chinese population, characterize lesion properties of functional area of Chinese language in brain, and assess the potential of fMRI-guided neuronavigation in clinical applications. Materials and Methods: Blood oxygen level-dependent fMRI has been used to localize language area prior to operation. We carried out extensive fMRI analyses and conducted operation on patients with lesions in speech area. Results: fMRI tests revealed that the reciting task in Chinese can steadily activate the Broca area, and paragraph comprehension task in Chinese can effectively activate the Wernicke area. Cortical stimulation of patients when being awake during operation validated the sensitivity and accuracy of fMRI. The safe distance between language activation area and removal of the lesion in language area was determined to be about 10 mm. Further investigation suggested that navigation of fMRI combined with diffuse tensor imaging can decrease the incidence of postoperative dysfunction and increase the success rate for complete removal of lesion. Conclusion: Taken together, these findings may be helpful to clinical therapy for language area-related lesions.

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