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Gender as a key effect modifier of the relationship between physician work stressors and the acquired cardiovascular disorders

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Author(s): Nedić Olesja | Belkić Karen | Filipović Danka | Jocić Neda

Journal: Medicinski Pregled
ISSN 0025-8105

Volume: 61;
Issue: 7-8;
Start page: 343;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: Sex | Cardiovascular Diseases | Stress | Physicians | Workload | Burnout | Professional | NON MESH: Occupational Stress Index

ABSTRACT
Introduction. To assess gender as an effect-modifier vis-â-vis exposure to work stressors and the acquired cardiovascular disorders (ACVD). METHOD The Occupational Stress Index for physicians was used in a case-control study (>90% participation rate) among physicians in Novi Sad (Cases: 50 males and 51 females with ACVD, Referents: 46 males and 61 females without ACVD). RESULTS. Patterns of disease manifestation, sociodemography, risk factors, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) tendency and exposure to work stressors differed in male compared to female physicians with ACVD. Accounting for these covariates, the males with ACVD had significantly higher general-level threat avoidance vigilance scores (more witnessed accidents at work and expert-witnessing in court (p
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