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Genetic characterization of wild-type measles viruses isolated in China, 2006-2007

Author(s): Ji Yixin | Xu Songtao | Zhang Yan | Zhu Zhen | Mao Naiying | Jiang Xiaohong | Ma Chao | Lu Peishan | Wang Changyin | Liang Yong | Zheng Huanying | Liu Yang | Dai Defang | Zheng Lei | Zhou Jianhui | Wang Shuang | Zhang Zhenying | Wu Shengwei | Nan Lijuan | Li Li | Liang Xiaofeng | Featherstone David | Rota Paul | Bellini William | Xu Wenbo

Journal: Virology Journal
ISSN 1743-422X

Volume: 7;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 105;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Abstract Molecular characterization of wild-type measles viruses in China during 1995-2004 demonstrated that genotype H1 was endemic and widely distributed throughout the country. H1-associated cases and outbreaks caused a resurgence of measles beginning in 2005. A total of 210,094 measles cases and 101 deaths were reported by National Notifiable Diseases Reporting System (NNDRS) and Chinese Measles Laboratory Network (LabNet) from 2006 to 2007, and the incidences of measles were 6.8/100,000 population and 7.2/100,000 population in 2006 and 2007, respectively. Five hundred and sixty-five wild-type measles viruses were isolated from 24 of 31 provinces in mainland China during 2006 and 2007, and all of the wild type virus isolates belonged to cluster 1 of genotype H1. These results indicated that H1-cluster 1 viruses were the predominant viruses circulating in China from 2006 to 2007. This study contributes to previous efforts to generate critical baseline data about circulating wild-type measles viruses in China that will allow molecular epidemiologic studies to help measure the progress made toward China's goal of measles elimination by 2012.

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