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Genetic diversity analysis of the durum wheat Graziella Ra, Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum (Desf.) Husn. (Poales, Poaceae)

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Author(s): M. Stella Colomba | Armando Gregorini

Journal: Biodiversity Journal
ISSN 2039-0394

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 73;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: AFLP | α-gliadin gene | durum wheat | genetic diversity analysis | nutritional qualities | SSR | Triticum

ABSTRACT
For the first time, the durum wheat Graziella Ra was compared to four Italian durum wheat varieties (Cappelli,Grazia, Flaminio and Svevo) and to Kamut in order to preliminary characterize its genome and to investigategenetic diversity among and within the accessions by Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms (AFLPs),Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) and α-gliadin gene sequence analysis. The main aim of the study was anattempt to determine the relationship between the historic accession Graziella Ra and Kamut which isconsidered an ancient relative of the durum subspecies. In addition, nutritional factors of Graziella Ra werereported. Obtained results showed that (i) both AFLP and SSR molecular markers detected highly congruentpatterns of genetic diversity among the accessions showing nearly similar efficiency; (ii) for AFLPs,percentage of polymorphic loci within accession ranged from 6.57% to 19.71% (mean 12.77%) and, for SSRs,from 0% to 57.14% (mean 28.57%); (iii) principal component analysis (PCA) of genetic distance amongaccessions showed the first two axes accounting for 58.03% (for AFLPs) and 61.60% (for SSRs) of the totalvariability; (iv) for AFLPs, molecular variance was partitioned into 80% (variance among accessions) and 20%(within accession) and, for SSRs, into 73% (variance among accessions) and 27% (within accession); (v)cluster analysis of AFLP and SSR datasets displayed Graziella Ra and Kamut into the same cluster; and (vi)molecular comparison of α-gliadin gene sequences showed Graziella Ra and Kamut in separate clusters. Allthese findings indicate that Graziella Ra, although being very similar to Kamut, at least in the little part of thegenome herein investigated by molecular markers, may be considered a distinct accession showing appreciablelevels of genetic diversity and medium-high nutritional qualities.
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