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Genetic variability and pedigree analysis of Brazilian common bean elite genotypes

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Author(s): Alzate-Marin Ana Lilia | Costa Márcia Regina | Sartorato Aloísio | Del Peloso María José | Barros Everaldo Gonçalves de | Moreira Maurilio Alves

Journal: Scientia Agricola
ISSN 0103-9016

Volume: 60;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 283;
Date: 2003;
Original page

Keywords: Phaseolus vulgaris | Andean cultivars | Mesoamerican cultivars | RAPD molecular markers | genetic distances

ABSTRACT
Genetic diversity is essential for any breeding program. However, breeders tend to concentrate on specific genotypes, which combine traits of interest and may be used as progenitors in several breeding programs. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) breeding programs are not different in this sense. In this study, the genetic diversity of 21 common bean elite lines from the Bean Regional Trials conducted by the Embrapa Rice and Bean Research Center was evaluated using the Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and pedigree analyses. Based on genetic dissimilarity, three groups were defined: group I - lines 1, 9 and 10, with low genetic distances among them (0.00 to 0.06), originated from 11 Mesoamerican parents; group II - 17 lines with genetic distances ranging from 0.03 to 0.33, originated from 50 parents (mostly Mesoamerican); and group III - line 21 (PR 93201472), which parents are the Andean cultivar 'Pompadour' and the cultivar 'Irai' (unknown origin). The genetic distances between line 21 and the lines of the other two groups varied from 0.68 to 0.93. Pedigree analyses demonstrated that cultivars 'Carioca', 'Cornell 49-242', 'Jamapa', 'Tlalnepantla 64', 'Tara' and 'Veranic 2', all of Mesoamerican origin, were the most widely used parents for developing lines present in group II.

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