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Genetic variability in tench (Tinca tinca L.) as revealed by PCR-RFLP analysis of mitochondrial DNA

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Author(s): Rossella Lo Presti | Klaus Kohlmann | Petra Kersten | Laura Gasco | Claudio Lisa | Liliana Di Stasio

Journal: Italian Journal of Animal Science
ISSN 1594-4077

Volume: 11;
Issue: 1;
Start page: e19;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Tinca tinca | Mitochondrial DNA | RFLP | Genetic variability

ABSTRACT
Four mitochondrial DNA segments, ND1, ND6, cyt b and D-loop, were analysed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment lenght polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) in 14 tench (Tinca tinca L.) populations located in Europe and Asia; also data on five Italian populations previously analysed for the same mtDNA segments were included in the study. All the considered segments were polymorphic and originated a total of 9 composite haplotypes, which were clustered into two haplogroups, A and B, possibly corresponding to the Western and Eastern phylogroups previously described in tench. Nine out of 19 populations showed polymorphism, with haplotype diversity ranging from 0.246 to 0.643 and nucleotide diversity from 0.009 to 0.078. Seventy-five percent of the pairwise comparisons were significant, indicating a high between-population variability. The Neighbour-Joining tree revealed the presence of three clusters, including purepopulations, with only A or B haplogroup, and mixedpopulations, with both haplogroups. The possibility of identifying populations with different haplotypes has practical implications for both conservation and supportive stocking.

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Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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