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Genetic variation among pathogens causing "Helminthosporium" diseases of rice, maize and wheat

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Author(s): WEIKERT-OLIVEIRA RITA C. B. | RESENDE M. APARECIDA DE | VALÉRIO HENRIQUE M. | CALIGIORNE RACHEL B. | PAIVA EDILSON

Journal: Fitopatologia Brasileira
ISSN 0100-4158

Volume: 27;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 639;
Date: 2002;
Original page

Keywords: Bipolaris sorokiniana | Bipolaris oryzae | Bipolaris maydis | Exserohilum turcicum | PCR-RFLP | RAPD

ABSTRACT
Twenty isolates of four fungal species, agents of "Helminthosporium" diseases in cereals, were collected from different regions: nine Bipolarisoryzae isolated from rice (Oryza sativa), seven B.sorokiniana from wheat (Triticum aestivum), two B. maydis, and two Exserohilumturcicum from maize (Zea mays). The strains were compared by PCR-RFLP and RAPD analysis. Size polymorphism among the isolates in the ITS region comprising the 5.8 S rDNA indicated genetic differences among the isolates, while a UPGMA phenogram constructed after the digestion of this region with restriction enzymes showed inter- and intra-specific polymorphism. The RAPD profiles indicated an expressive level of polymorphism among different species, compared with a low level of polymorphism among isolates of the same species. A UPGMA phenogram grouped the isolates according to the species and their host plant. RAPD profiles did not reveal polymorphism that directly correlated climatic factors with geographic source of the isolates of B. sorokiniana, and B. oryzae. Teleomorphic species revealed high similarity with their correspondent anamorphs.
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