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The genus Anthia Weber in the Republic of South Africa, Identification, distribution, biogeography, and behavior (Coleoptera, Carabidae)

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Author(s): Jonathan Mawdsley | Terry Erwin | Hendrik Sithole | James Mawdsley | Alice Mawdsley

Journal: ZooKeys
ISSN 1313-2989

Volume: 143;
Start page: 47;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Anthia | Carabidae | taxonomy | identification | savanna | South Africa | Apristis promontorii Péringuey

ABSTRACT
A key is presented for the identification of the four species of Anthia Weber (Coleoptera: Carabidae) recorded from the Republic of South Africa: Anthia cinctipennis Lequien, Anthia circumscripta Klug, Anthia maxillosa (Fabricius), and Anthia thoracica (Thunberg). For each of these species, illustrations are provided of adult beetles of both sexes as well as illustrations of male reproductive structures, morphological redescriptions, discussions of morphological variation, annual activity histograms, and maps of occurrence localities in the Republic of South Africa. Maps of occurrence localities for these species are compared against ecoregional and vegetation maps of southern Africa; each species of Anthia shows a different pattern of occupancy across the suite of ecoregions and vegetation types in the Republic of South Africa. Information about predatory and foraging behaviors, Müllerian mimicry, and small-scale vegetation community associations is presented for A. thoracica based on field and laboratory studies in Kruger National Park, South Africa.
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Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona