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The Genus Gnaphalium L. (Compositae): Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics

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Author(s): Xing Zheng | Wei Wang | Huishan Piao | Weiqiang Xu | Haibo Shi | Chengai Zhao

Journal: Molecules
ISSN 1420-3049

Volume: 18;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 8298;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Gnaphalium | chemical constituents | biological activities

ABSTRACT
The genus Gnaphalium, a herb distributed worldwide, comprises approximately 200 species of the Compositae (Asteraceae) family that belongs to the tribe Gnaphalieae. Some species are traditionally used as wild vegetables and in folk medicine. This review focuses on the phytochemical investigations and biological studies of plants from the genus Gnaphalium over the past few decades. More than 125 chemical constituents have been isolated from the genus Gnaphalium, including flavonoids, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, triterpenes, phytosterols, anthraquinones, caffeoylquinic acid derivatives, and other compounds. The extracts of this genus, as well as compounds isolated from it, have been demonstrated to possess multiple pharmacological activities such as antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal, anti-complement, antitussive and expectorant, insect antifeedant, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic and antihypouricemic properties. The present review compiles the information available on this genus because of its relevance to food and ethnopharmacology and the potential therapeutic uses of these species.
Affiliate Program     

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona