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GIANT HEPATIC CYSTS: PRENATAL FINDINGS AND UNCOMMON POSTNATAL OUTCOME

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Author(s): F. Sauvat | L. Harper | F. Cuillier | T. Abossolo | J.L Alessandri | J.L Michel

Journal: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
ISSN 2226-0439

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 22;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: hepatic cysts | antenatal diagnosis

ABSTRACT
With modern prenatal imaging, liver cysts are being diagnosed more often. Although large cysts are usually asymptomatic, they may present as an abdominal emergency requiring surgery in the first weeks of life. We report a series of 3 patients with prenatal diagnosis of isolated cystic liver lesions diagnosed at 22, 31 and 33 weeks of gestational age. The hepatic origin of the cysts was confirmed prenatally by a MRI in 2 cases, with visualization of a normal gallbladder. The prenatal course was uneventful. Postnatal ultrasound confirmed the diagnosis of liver cyst, showed normality of the biliary tract and in one case, rupture of the cyst during delivery. Because of an uncommon rapid increase in size, the 3 children underwent surgical excision of the cysts within the first weeks of life. These were non-bile-containing intrahepatic cysts arising from segment IV. Long-term follow up was uneventful.
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