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Glucose, Insulin and Non Esterified Fatty Acid Responses to Ladies Finger and Pointed Gourd in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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Author(s): F. Rahman | K. Fatema | A.T.M.A. Rahim | L. Ali

Journal: Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition
ISSN 1992-1470

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 25;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: diet | pointed gourd | ladies finger | vegetable | glycemic load | Glycemic index | mixed meal | --- type 2 diabetes mellitus

ABSTRACT
Glycemic Index (GI) and Insulin (as measured by C-peptide) responses of Ladies Finger (Abelmoschus esculentus) and Pointed Gourd (Trichosanthes dioica) from Bangladeshi origin were investigated to help in creating a better food exchange table for diabetic patients. Based on serving size in the Bangladeshi society, the GL of those two food items have also been calculated. Ten diabetic subjects, under a cross-over design, consumed equi-carbohydrate amount (25 g of total carbohydrate) of the vegetables and white bread (WB, as reference food), with a run in period of seven days between the consecutive items. The serum levels of glucose were estimated at 0, 0', 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 150 and 180 min, respectively, NEFA and c-peptide levels were at 0 and 180, min only. GI and GL were calculated by standard formula. Both Ladies Finger (LF) and Pointed Gourd (PG) showed significantly lower serum glucose value than that of WB. The GI of LF and PG were 56±20 and 76±24, respectively. Both LF and PG showed significantly lower serum c-peptide and serum NEFA response as compared to WB at 180 min (p
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