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Growing Season Carbon Dynamics and Stocks in Relation to Vine Ages under a Vineyard Agroecosystem in Northern China

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Author(s): Rawee Chiarawipa | Yi Wang | Xin Zhong Zhang | Zhen Hai Han

Journal: American Journal of Plant Physiology
ISSN 1557-4539

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: carbon use efficiency | carbon efflux | soil carbon | gross primary productivity | sustainable management practice | carbon sequestration | Net ecosystem exchange

ABSTRACT
An agroecosystem is considered a large stationary source where CO2 can be captured from emissions through carbon stock in both crop plants and the soil. The aim of this study was to evaluate seasonal changes in the quantity of carbon effluxes and stocks in the vineyard agroecosystem. Three different vine ages (5, 10 and 18 years) were used to estimate the seasonal dynamics of CO2 effluxes and stocks in both the grapevine and soil parts during the 2011 growing season. This study shows that daily carbon gain and carbon use efficiency to daily climatic and soil variables were varied among vine ages throughout the season. In addition, the seasonal carbon stock in vine dry matter production was significantly increased from the youngest to oldest vines, being highest in the 18 year old vines. The decomposition rate of organic carbon from litter and residues also showed significant differences among vine sites and seasonal changes. Despite the different carbon stocks in the vine biomass among the three vine ages, the amount of total soil organic carbon mostly remained stable among the three vine sites. The relationship between vine ages and total carbon stock in the vineyard could then be estimated by fitting a power function (y = 36.72x0.2577, r2 = 0.998*). This study indicates that carbon effluxes and the potential carbon stock in the vineyards fluctuated seasonally according to vine ages.
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