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Growth Poles - an Alternative to Reducing Regional Disparities. Case Study-Iaşi Growth Pole

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Author(s): NICOLETA MONICA MUSTĂȚEA

Journal: Romanian Review of Regional Studies
ISSN 1841-1576

Volume: IX;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 51;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Regional development | Growth poles | Development poles | Territorial planning | Economic disparities

ABSTRACT
The current development of the European Union is based on the cohesion policy which focuses on the attenuation of regional disparities. For this purpose, the idea of growth poles emerged in Romania, and its role became more than familiar: the determination of an internal socio-economic cohesion. Polycentrism becomes a concept of territorial planning increasingly promoted. Development of growth poles aims to reduce the attraction force of large centres and to balance the location of activities generating functions across a territory. This was the idea that led to the formation of Iaşi Metropolitan Area, territorial unit that is intended to be the main regional centre of the North-East Region, thus polarizing the surrounding areas. Iaşi Growth Pole objectives are represented by economic competitiveness, the development of regional connectivity and the promotion of regional cooperation. One of the major assets of the growth pole in achieving these goals is the cross-border position near the eastern border of the European Union. This paper examines to what extent Iași Growth Pole can rise to the required standards, while the peripheral position seems to be rather a disadvantage and the uncertain functionality of the metropolitan area shows that the main problem remains the reduced economic competitiveness.
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