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Gymnaster koraiensis and its major components, 3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid and gymnasterkoreayne B, reduce oxidative damage induced by tert-butyl hydroperoxide or acetaminophen in HepG2 cells

Author(s): Eun Hye Jho | Kyungsu Kang | Sarangerel Oidovsambuu | Eun Ha Lee | Sang Hoon Jung | Il-Shik Shin | Chu Won Nho

Journal: BMB Reports
ISSN 1976-6696

Volume: 46;
Issue: 10;
Start page: 513;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Gymnaster koraiensis | Gymnasterkoreayne B | Hepatoprotection | HepG2 | Wild vegetable

We investigated the protective effects of Gymnaster koraiensisagainst oxidative stress-induced hepatic cell damage. We usedtwo different cytotoxicity models, i.e., the administration oftert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP) and acetaminophen, in HepG2cells to evaluate the protective effects of G. koraiensis. The ethylacetate (EA) fraction of G. koraiensis and its major compound,3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (DCQA), exerted protective effectsin the t-BHP-induced liver cytotoxicity model. The EA fractionand DCQA ameliorated t-BHP-induced reductions in GSHlevels and exhibited free radical scavenging activity. The EAfraction and DCQA also significantly reduced t-BHP-inducedDNA damage in HepG2 cells. Furthermore, the hexane fractionof G. koraiensis and its major compound, gymnasterkoreayne B(GKB), exerted strong hepatoprotection in the acetaminopheninducedcytotoxicity model. CYP 3A4 enzyme activity wasstrongly inhibited by the extract, hexane fraction, and GKB. Thehexane fraction and GKB ameliorated acetaminophen-inducedreductions in GSH levels and protected against cell death. [BMBReports 2013; 46(10): 513-518]
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