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Health impact assessment and evaluation of a clinical waste management policy for Cameroon

Author(s): Gabriel Gulis | Peter Ikome Kuwoh Mochungong

Journal: Journal of Public Health in Africa
ISSN 2038-9922

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: e7;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Cameroon | clinical waste | policy | health impacts | disposal | stakeholders.

Health impact assessment (HIA) was carried out to evaluate development of a clinical waste management policy for Cameroon. Fifteen stakeholders of different portfolios within the health sector were selected during a HIA initiating study trip to the Northwest region of Cameroon. Questionnaires were then developed and emailed to the stakeholders. The stakeholders identified cross-contamination, environmental pollution, physical injuries and poor waste management sites as potential risk factors that can be associated with poor clinical waste management. They recommended strong economic and political capital as a prerequisite for the development and implementation of a successful clinical waste policy. Local impacts on health, according to the stakeholders, should be prioritized in deciding any treatment and disposal option. The whole HIA process run through 2008-2010.
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