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Healthy Farms in Slovakia: Antibiotic Sensitivity of Escherichia coli Isolated from Rectal Swabs of Chicken and Ram

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Author(s): Jaroslav Pochop | Lukáš Hleba | Miroslava Kačániová | Juraj Čuboň | Katarína Rovná | Henrieta Arpášová

Journal: Lucrari Stiintifice : Zootehnie si Biotehnologii
ISSN 1841-9364

Volume: 45;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 127;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Antibiotic resistance | Escherichia coli | chicken | ram | rectal swabs

ABSTRACT
The aim of this experiment was determine of antibiotic resistance profile of Escherichia coli isolated from rectal swabs of chicken and ram from two different conventional breeding from Slovakia. For the antibiotic susceptibility testing disk diffusion method was used. A tested bacterium, Escherichia coli was exposed against four antibiotics: amikacin, gentamycin, tetracycline and chloramphenicol. For the identification of this strain, we used Chromogenic coliform agar, Triple sugar iron agar and biochemical test (ENTEROtest 24). For genetic identification of Escherichia coli Step One Real Time PCR with using special primer was used. Was determined that antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli was not found. Was found susceptibility in all cases of Escherichia coli isolates. Antibiotic resistance is a biological danger. Bacteria, which we study, are considered to reservoirs of resistant genes and they are facultative and obligate pathogens. If these pathogen bacteria cause diseases those these diseases are difficult to treat. In this study, we determined that we have healthy farms in Slovakia too. In this farm antibiotic was not use and we do not determined any resistance to antibiotics, which we used in experiment.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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