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Helicobacter pylori genotyping from positive clotests in patients with duodenal ulcer

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Author(s): Mattar Rejane | Laudanna Antonio Atílio

Journal: Revista do Hospital das Clínicas
ISSN 0041-8781

Volume: 55;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 155;
Date: 2000;
Original page

Keywords: Helicobacter pylori | Genotype | Duodenal ulcer | CLOtest

ABSTRACT
Even though the seroprevalence of H. pylori may be high in the normal population, a minority develops peptic ulcer. Colonization of the gastric mucosa by more pathogenic vacA strains of H. pylori seems to be associated with enhanced gastric inflammation and duodenal ulcer. H. pylori genotyping from positive CLOtests was developed to determine the vacA genotypes and cagA status in 40 duodenal ulcer patients and for routine use. The pathogenic s1b/ m1/ cagA genotype was the most frequently occurring strain (17/42.5%); only two (5%) patients presented the s2/ m2 genotype, the less virulent strain. Multiple strains were also detected in 17 (42.5%) patients. Multiple strains of H. pylori colonizing the human stomach have been underestimated, because genotyping has been performed from cultures of H. pylori. We concluded that genotyping of H. pylori from a positive CLOtest had the advantages of reducing the number of biopsies taken during endoscopy, eliminating the step of culturing H. pylori, and assuring the presence of H. pylori in the specimen being processed.

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