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Hemostasis during hypospadias surgery via topical application of feracrylum citrate: A randomized prospective study

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Author(s): Lahoti Brijesh | Aggarwal Gaurav | Diwaker Arvind | Sharma Shashi | Laddha Ashok

Journal: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
ISSN 0971-9261

Volume: 15;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 87;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Hemostasis | hypospadias surgery | topical feracrylum citrate

ABSTRACT
Aim: Report of our experience with topical feracrylum citrate to minimize hemorrhage-related complications in pediatric hypospadiac patients. Materials and Methods : One hundred and fifty consecutive pediatric hypospadiac patients over 3 years (75 in study group and 75 controls - random allocation) were studied. One hundred milliliter of 1% feracrylum citrate solution was used in study cases and equivalent normal saline in controls. The parameters assessed were frequency of cauterizations, intraoperative blood loss, wound edema and postoperative complications. Results: Average number of cauterizations was 1.55 per patient in study group and 5.7 per patient among controls. Among cases, average number of blood soaked gauge pieces was 3.56 per patient, correlating with average intraoperative blood loss of 17.8 ml. In controls, average blood soaked gauge pieces were 6.2 per patient corresponding to an average blood loss of 31 ml. Postoperative hematoma was seen in 8% cases compared with 18% controls. Wound edema appeared in 13.3% cases and 47% controls. Postoperative complications were higher among controls. Conclusions: Feracrylum is an effective and safe topical hemostatic agent to minimize significantly diffuse capillary oozing and surface bleeding. It reduced the frequency of cauterization and tissue damage, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hematoma, wound edema and postoperative complications.
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