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Hepatitis B virus infection and renal transplantation

Author(s): Ming-Chao Tsai, Yen-Ta Chen, Yu-Shu Chien, Te-Chuan Chen, Tsung-Hui Hu

Journal: World Journal of Gastroenterology
ISSN 1007-9327

Volume: 16;
Issue: 31;
Start page: 3878;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Hepatitis B | Renal transplantation | Lamivudine resistance

Although the prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection has declined in renal transplant recipients (RTRs), it remains a relevant clinical problem with high morbidity and mortality in long-term follow up. A thorough evaluation, including liver biopsy as well as assessment of HBV replication in serum (i.e. hepatitis B e antigen and/or HBV DNA) is required before transplantation. Interferon should not be used in this setting because of low efficacy and precipitation on acute allograft rejection. The advent of effective antiviral therapies offers the opportunity to prevent the progression of liver disease after renal transplantation. However, as far as we are aware, no studies have compared prophylactic and preemptive strategies. To date, the majority of RTRs with HBV-related liver disease have had a high virological and biochemical response to lamivudine use. However, lamivudine resistance is frequent with a prolonged course of therapy. Considering long-term treatment, antiviral agents with a high genetic barrier to resistance and lack of nephrotoxicity are suggested. The optimal strategy in RTRs with HBV infection remains to be established in the near future.
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