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The Hero’s Journey Into the Monstrous Space: Metaphors of Biopolitical Knowledge Transformed into Novel El viaje del héroe al espacio monstruoso: metáforas de un saber biopolítico hecho novela

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Author(s): Dennis Arias Mora

Journal: Revista CS
ISSN 2011-0324

Issue: 9;
Start page: 55;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Metáforas | Biopolítica | Héroe | Animalidad | Caribe

ABSTRACT
Drawing on the case of the Costa Rican communist writer Carlos Luis Fallas, this article explores political metaphors of the heroic, of the monstrous, and of the animal from two perspectives. The first, a contextual one, wherein areas of knowledge; such as that of political zoology and its criticism leveled at late 19th century liberalism together with that of biopolitics and its gaze at the monstrous body, become the signifiers of these metaphors; and the second, a subjective one, in which the heroic constitutes both the narrative and experiential forms of a militant and literary experience. The intertwining of metaphor and biography will be examined within the dual contexts of the Caribbean during the era of intensive banana farming and Fallas’ social novel Mamita Yunai.Siguiendo el caso del comunista y escritor costarricense Carlos Luis Fallas, se estudian las metáforas políticas de lo heroico, monstruoso y animal desde dos ámbitos. Uno contextual, donde saberes como la zoología política crítica del liberalismo de fines del siglo XIX, y la biopolítica y su mirada al cuerpo monstruoso, se constituyen en significantes de esa metafórica. El otro subjetivo, donde lo heroico es la forma narrativa y vivencial de una experiencia militante y literaria. El Caribe de la plantación bananera y la novela social Mamita Yunai, serán los universos donde se entrecruzan las metáforas y la biografía.
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