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Hierarchies in eukaryotic genome organization: Insights from polymer theory and simulations

Author(s): Iyer Balaji VS | Kenward Martin | Arya Gaurav

Journal: BMC Biophysics
ISSN 2046-1682

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 8;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Abstract Eukaryotic genomes possess an elaborate and dynamic higher-order structure within the limiting confines of the cell nucleus. Knowledge of the physical principles and the molecular machinery that govern the 3D organization of this structure and its regulation are key to understanding the relationship between genome structure and function. Elegant microscopy and chromosome conformation capture techniques supported by analysis based on polymer models are important steps in this direction. Here, we review results from these efforts and provide some additional insights that elucidate the relationship between structure and function at different hierarchical levels of genome organization.
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