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High-performance adaptive intelligent Direct Torque Control schemes for induction motor drives

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Author(s): Vasudevan M. | Arumugam R. | Paramasivam S.

Journal: Serbian Journal of Electrical Engineering
ISSN 1451-4869

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 93;
Date: 2005;
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Keywords: Direct Torque Control | induction motor | intelligent control | fuzzy | neural networks and genetic algorithm

ABSTRACT
This paper presents a detailed comparison between viable adaptive intelligent torque control strategies of induction motor, emphasizing advantages and disadvantages. The scope of this paper is to choose an adaptive intelligent controller for induction motor drive proposed for high performance applications. Induction motors are characterized by complex, highly non-linear, time varying dynamics, inaccessibility of some states and output for measurements and hence can be considered as a challenging engineering problem. The advent of torque and flux control techniques have partially solved induction motor control problems, because they are sensitive to drive parameter variations and performance may deteriorate if conventional controllers are used. Intelligent controllers are considered as potential candidates for such an application. In this paper, the performance of the various sensor less intelligent Direct Torque Control (DTC) techniques of Induction motor such as neural network, fuzzy and genetic algorithm based torque controllers are evaluated. Adaptive intelligent techniques are applied to achieve high performance decoupled flux and torque control. This paper contributes: i) Development of Neural network algorithm for state selection in DTC; ii) Development of new algorithm for state selection using Genetic algorithm principle; and iii) Development of Fuzzy based DTC. Simulations have been performed using the trained state selector neural network instead of conventional DTC and Fuzzy controller instead of conventional DTC controller. The results show agreement with those of the conventional DTC.
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