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High Expression of TCF-4 Positively Correlated with Lung Cancer Progression

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Author(s): Lianhe YANG | Hongtao XU | Yan WANG | Yang LIU | Yue ZHAO | Shundong DAI | Qiang WEI | Yuan MIAO | Yang HAN | Zhiqiang YANG | Nan LIU | Enhua WANG

Journal: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
ISSN 1009-3419

Volume: 11;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 214;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: TCF-4 | Lung neoplasms | Biological tumor markers | Immunohistochemistry | Fluoroimmunoassay

ABSTRACT
Background and objective TCF-4 is an important downstream molecule of Wnt signaling pathway, but studies on the expression level and significance of TCF-4 in lung cancer were still limited. The aim of this study is to examine the expression level of TCF-4 in lung cancer tissues and cell lines, and analyze its relationship with clinicopathologic characteristics and biological behavior of lung cancers. Methods TCF-4 expression was examined in 120 lung cancer specimens and 10 corresponding normal lung specimens using immunohistochemistry (S-P method). Immunofluorescence was used to examine the TCF-4 protein expression level and subcellular localization in lung cancer cells and HBE (human normal bronchi epithelium) cells. Expression levels of TCF-4 mRNA were examined using transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in 9 lung cancer cell lines. Results Among 120 lung cancer specimens, 96 samples showed high expression of TCF-4 (80.0%), including 37 samples showed TCF-4 expression both in cytoplasm and nuclei (30.8%), TCF-4 were not detected in 10 corresponding normal lung specimens. TCF-4 expression level was positively correlated with TNM stages (P=0.022). The fluorescence signal of TCF-4 protein was conspicuous in lung cancer cells, primarily in cell nuclei, but extremely low in HBE. TCF-4 mRNA expression levels were incompatible in different histology types, the expression level of TCF-4 was relatively high in giant cell carcinoma cells, but low in lung adencarcinoma cells. Conclusion High expression of TCF-4 positively correlated with lung cancer progression.
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