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The Higher Order Structure of Environmental Attitudes: A Cross-Cultural Examination

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Author(s): Taciano L. Milfont | John Duckitt | Claire Wagner

Journal: Revista Interamericana de PsicologĂ­a
ISSN 0034-9690

Volume: 44;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 263;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Past research has suggested that Preservation and Utilization are the two higher order dimensions forming the hierarchical structure of environmental attitudes. This means that these two higher order dimensions could group all kinds of perceptions or beliefs regarding the natural environment people have. A crosscultural study was conducted in Brazil, New Zealand, and South Africa to test this hierarchical structure of environmental attitudes. Results from single- and multi-group confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated that environmental attitudes are a multidimensional construct, and that their first-order factors associate to each other to form a vertical structure. However, the question whether the vertical structure comprise a single higher order factor or two higher order factors still remains unanswered. These results are discussed and directions for future research trying to demonstrate that Preservation and Utilization, taken as distinct second-order environmental attitudes factors, are more empirically meaningful than a single and generalised environmental attitudes higher order factor are presented.

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Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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