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Historias y Memorias: un enfoque comparativo

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Author(s): Burke, Peter

Journal: Isegoría
ISSN 1130-2097

Issue: 45;
Start page: 489;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Social memory | Cultural memory | Conflict | Trauma | Narrative | Forgetting | Forgiveness | Memoria social | Memoria cultural | Conflicto | Trauma | Narrativa | Olvido | Perdón

ABSTRACT
There are different ways of remembering, perhaps as many as are the modes of narration. Here we analyze three main panoramas, three strategies available to individuals, groups or institutions to deal with memories, especially the memories of political or social conflicts: forgetting or, more accurately, denial and trying to forget; continuing old conflicts by other means, at a symbolic level, forgiving or, more accurately, trying to reconcile conflicting memories.Existen diferentes modos de recordar, tal vez tantos como son los modos de narrar. Aquí se analizan tres escenarios principales, tres estrategias disponibles para los individuos, grupos o instituciones para hacer frente a los recuerdos, sobre todo a los recuerdos de los conflictos políticos o sociales: olvidar o, más exactamente, negar y tratar de olvidar; proseguir los viejos conflictos por otros medios, a un nivel simbólico; perdonar o, más exactamente, tratar de reconciliar las memorias en conflicto.
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