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Historical overview of the European Union banana import policy

Author(s): Chacón Cascante, Adriana | Crespi , John M.

Journal: Agronomía Costarricense
ISSN 0377-9424

Volume: 30;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 111;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: European banana market | banana war | tariffs | quotas | WTO.

The purpose of this article is to summarize the main events that have characterized the conflict among the European Union, African, Caribbean and Pacific producers, Latin American exporters, and the United States, regarding banana imports into the EU. The article provides a discussion of the historical debate over these policies by stakeholders, a debate which has come to be known as ¿the banana war.¿ This article also shows that current events regarding the transition from a highly protected banana market in the EU to a tariff-only import system, which may lessen the skirmishing, but will not entirely put an end to this ¿war.¿ There is such a variety of divergent concerns at play, as the debate over the last decade has shown, that fulfilling everybody´s interests will prove impossible. The paper is divided into seven sections as follows: 1) description of the EU policy structure prior to the establishment of the Common Market Organization for Bananas; 2) description of the 1993 Common Market Organization for Bananas; 3) discussion of the events that followed the 1993 import regime; 4) description of the EU perspective on the socalled banana war; 5) agreement between the EU and the US; 6) some research findings related to the new import system and 7) conclusion.
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Tango Rapperswil
Tango Rapperswil