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HIV-1 Transmission, Replication Fitness and Disease Progression

Author(s): Tasha Biesinger | Jason T. Kimata

Journal: Virology : Research and Treatment
ISSN 1178-122X

Volume: 1;
Start page: 49;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: HIV | SIV | fitness | CD4 | T cells | macrophages | AIDS

Upon transmission, human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) establishes infection of the lymphatic reservoir, leading to profound depletion of the memory CD4+T cell population despite the induction of the adaptive immune response. The rapid evolution and association of viral variants having distinct characteristics during different stages of infection, the level of viral burden, and rate of disease progression suggest a role for viral variants in this process. Here, we review the literature on HIV-1 variants and disease and discuss the importance of viral fitness for transmission and disease.
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