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Honey and Apoptosis in Human Gastric Mucosa

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Author(s): Aida Ghaffari | Mohammad H Somi | Abdolrasoul Safaiyan | Jabiz Modaresi | Alireza Ostadrahimi

Journal: Health Promotion Perspectives
ISSN 2228-6497

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 53;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Gastric cancer | Apoptosis | Honey | Polynomial curve

ABSTRACT
Background: Gastric cancer is the fourth most common malignancy in the world. Honey is acomplex mixture of special biological active constituents. Honey possesses antioxidant and antitumorproperties. Nutritional studies have indicated that consumption of honey modulates therisk of developing gastric cancer. On the other hand, apoptosis has been reported to play a decisiverole in precancerous changes. Our chief study was conducted to assess the relationship betweenconsumption of honey and apoptosis in human gastric mucosa.Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 98 subjects over 18 years old, referred totwo hospitals in Tabriz, Iran. Subjects were undergone an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, 62subjects were finally enrolled. Honey consumption was assessed by a Food Frequency Questionnaire(FFQ) and apoptosis was detected by TUNEL technique. We tested polynomial curve tofind the best fit between honey consumption and apoptosis.Results: A positive relation between honey consumption and apoptosis was found (P=0.024).Our results indicated that the final and the best fit curve was: apoptosis = 1.714+1.648(honeyamount) - 0.533(honey amount)2 +1.833×10-5(honey amount)7.Conclusion: Honey consumption had positive effects on gastric cancer by inducing apoptosis ingastric mucosa.
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