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How Does Human Capital Affect on Growth in Different Economies?

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Author(s): Mehdi Safdari | Mohammad Shahiki | Zahra Sheidaee

Journal: Journal of Social Sciences
ISSN 1549-3652

Volume: 6;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 416;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Human capital | growth | panel approach

ABSTRACT
Problem statement: The main objective of this study was to investigate how human capital can affect growth in different economies. Approach: For this purpose, we investigated the model, which the growth rate of total factor productivity depends on human capital stock level using a cross-country panel approach for 104 countries in five-year intervals during the 1980-2005. Results: The finding of this study showed that human capital through its effect on the speed of technology adoption from abroad has positive effect and significantly on growth in total samples of countries while human capital directly in developed countries enter negatively inverse developing countries. Conclusion: Moreover human capital affects growth in different ways it has more effects on per capital growth through technology/catch-up component than domestic innovation component. Moreover human capital of different ways has different effects on growth but in total it has positive effect on economic growth.
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