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Human bronchial fibroblasts express the 5-lipoxygenase pathway

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Author(s): James Anna | Penrose John | Cazaly Angelica | Holgate Stephen | Sampson Anthony

Journal: Respiratory Research
ISSN 1465-9921

Volume: 7;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 102;
Date: 2006;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Fibroblasts are implicated in sub-epithelial fibrosis in remodeled asthmatic airways and contribute to airway inflammation by releasing cytokines and other mediators. Fibroblast activity is influenced by members of the leukotriene family of bronchoconstrictor and inflammatory mediators, but it is not known whether human bronchial fibroblasts can synthesize leukotrienes. Methods The expression of leukotriene biosynthetic enzymes and receptors was investigated in primary fibroblasts from the bronchi of normal and asthmatic adult subjects using RT-PCR, Western blotting, immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry. Results These techniques revealed that human bronchial fibroblasts from both subject groups constitutively express 5-lipoxygenase, its activating protein FLAP, the terminal enzymes leukotriene A4 hydrolase and leukotriene C4 synthase, and receptors for leukotriene B4 (BLT1) and cysteinyl-leukotrienes (CysLT1). Human bronchial fibroblasts generated immunoreactive leukotriene B4 and cysteinyl-leukotrienes spontaneously and in increased amounts after calcium-dependent activation. Flow cytometry showed that human bronchial fibroblasts transformed to a myofibroblast-like phenotype by culture with transforming growth factor-β1 expressed 320–400% more immunofluorescence for leukotriene C4 synthase and CysLT1 receptors, with 60–80% reductions in leukotriene A4 hydrolase and BLT1 receptors. Conclusion These results indicate that human bronchial fibroblasts may not only respond to exogenous leukotrienes but also generate leukotrienes implicated in narrowing, inflammation and remodeling of the asthmatic airway.
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