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Hybrid Semi-Quantitative Monitoring and Diagnostics of Energy Conversion Processes

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Author(s): Enrico Sciubba

Journal: International Journal of Thermodynamics
ISSN 1301-9724

Volume: 7;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 95;
Date: 2004;
Original page

Keywords: diagnostics | prognostics | process health monitoring

ABSTRACT
This paper presents a novel development in the field of automatic, “intelligent” process monitoring. It is possible to show that some of the limitations of a totally qualitative approach may be overcome by judicious use of reconciled experimental data and/or of the results of numerical simulations. The major problem in basing the response of a monitoring & diagnostic system on a process simulator is that, to run efficiently in real time, the simulator must introduce some simplification in the process model, and therefore its reliability as a source of “process data” is negatively affected. The approach proposed in this paper consists of adopting a mix (thence the attribute “hybrid” in the title) between reconciled data and physical modeling, to extract a limited number of numerical coefficients that introduce a sufficient degree of “quantification” in a qualitative monitoring system. The result is a fast and reliable intelligent procedure that assists human operators by presenting them a preliminary fault analysis based on a limited set of relevant reconciled process variables. An application to a regenerated gas turbine expansion process is discussed in detail.

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