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Hybrid Solar and Wind Off-Grid System - Design and Control

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Author(s): Prasad GVT, | Srinivasan S | Sriram V

Journal: International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology
ISSN 0975-5462

Volume: 2;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 548;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Solar PV tracking system | reflectors | wind sensor | plastic finished edges.

ABSTRACT
This paper is aimed to improve the efficiency of a hybrid solar and windmill system by altering the design parameters. A complete prototype model has been designed and tested based on the altered features. In the designed model, solar PV module along with a wind turbine, the small prototype created powers a load of capacity 120 Watts. The design implementation consists of adding reflectors to the photovoltaic panel along with a dedicated sun tracking system. Further, a wind sensor detects the maximum wind flow direction to guide the windmill with plastic finished edges to improve the overall efficiency. The hybrid setup could be operated in manual and automatic modes. The former mode consists of a RF transmitter and receiver setup and the latter is effectively controlled by means of a microcontroller-AT Mega 162V. The entire setup can be extended forlarger loads in order to electrify remote and inaccessible areas. Further, the project can be implemented in industrial and domestic sectors on a larger scale.
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