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Idendification of a New Endemic Focus of Kala-Azar and Seroepidemiological Study of Visceral Leishmania Infection in Ardebil Province

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Author(s): S.H Arshi | M . Mohebali | B. Akhoundi | H. Sadeghi-Bazargani | V. Sepeheram | Z. Zarei | S. Hajikhanis | S. Sezavar

Journal: Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research
ISSN 1735-7586

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 9;
Date: 2003;
Original page

Keywords: Visceral Leishmania Infection | DAT | Skin Test | Human | Iran

ABSTRACT
Visceral leishmaniasis is an infectious-parasitic disease occurring sporadically in various parts of Iran, the disease is endemic in ArdebiI,East Azerbaijan,Fars and Bushehr provinces. This study is an epidemiological survey of visceral leishmaniasis in children in Somarin village of Ardebil city.In this survey, blood samples were collected from all children of > 1 lyears old. Category plus about 10% of the adult population drawn by systematic sampling. The specimens were subjected to direct agglutination test (DAT). Besides, all the participants underwent skin tests using leishmanin prepared by Pasteur Institute of Iran. An induration more than 5 mm in diameter after 72 hours was considered "positive".Of the 730 blood specimens collected from Somarin, 546 belonged to children > 11 years old and 184 to adults. Altoghether, 57 (7.8%) of the samples showed specific Leishmania antibodies with titers 1:3200 and above by DAT. Therefore, seroprevalence was 9.7% in children and 3.9% in the community. 79% of DAT Positive specimens came from the 5-10 year age group(P

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