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Identification of a differentially expressed gene, ACL, between Meishan × Large White and Large White × Meishan F1 hybrids and their parents

Author(s): Ren Zhu-Qing | Wang Yan | Xu Yong-Jie | Wang Lin-Jie | Lei Ming-Gang | Zuo Bo | Li Feng-E | Xu De-Quan | Zheng Rong | Deng Chang-Yan | Jiang Si-Wen | Xiong Yuan-Zhua

Journal: Genetics Selection Evolution
ISSN 0999-193X

Volume: 40;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 625;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: differential gene expression | ATP-citrate lyase | promoter | mutation | pigs

Abstract ATP-citrate lyase (ACL), one of the lipogenic enzymes, catalyses the formation of acetyl-coenzyme A (CoA) involved in the synthesis of fatty acid and cholesterol. In pig, very little is known about the ACL gene. In this work, the mRNA differential display technique was used to analyse the differences in gene expression between Meishan and Large White pigs and the F1 hybrids of both direct and reciprocal crosses. Our results show that among the differentially expressed genes ACL is up-regulated in the backfat of the F1 hybrids. After cloning and analysing the fulllength cDNA and the 870 bp 5'-flanking sequence of the porcine ACL gene, a C/T mutation at position -97 bp upstream of the transcription site was detected. Luciferase activity detection showed that this mutation changed the transcriptional activity. In F1 hybrids, the heterozygous genotype CT was more frequent than the homozygous genotypes CC and TT. Real-time PCR analysis showed that in Meishan pigs, ACL mRNA expression was more abundant in individuals with genotype CT than in those with genotype CC or TT or in Large White pigs. These results indicate that the C/T mutation affects ACL mRNA expression, probably via the activator protein 2.
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