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The identification of Nocardia in BAL specimens of bronchoscopic patients by using classical and molecular methods

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Author(s): Heidarzadeh S | Pourmand MR | Ghasemi A | Zarrinfar H | Saber S | Soori T | Mirhendi SH | Hosseini M | Khalifehgholi M | Mardani N | Eshraghi SS

Journal: Tehran University Medical Journal
ISSN 1683-1764

Volume: 69;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 581;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Broncoalveolar lavage | identification | culture | molecular diagnosis | Nocardia

ABSTRACT
"n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Nocardiosis is a rare and potentially life-threatening infection caused by several species of the Nocardia genus. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a rapid and new method to clinically identify relevant Nocardia species. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of Nocardia species is essential for the treatment of severe infections and prevention of cerebral abscess. "n"nMethods: One hundred and eighty patients, 103 (57.22%) male and 77 (42.78%) female, with severe symptomatic pulmonary infection were studied in the course of a 12-month period in Dr. Shariati Teaching Hospital affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2010. The specimens were cultured and identified using microbiological and biochemical tests. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to directly identify the organism in the broncoalveolar lavage samples collected from the patients. NG1 and NG2 primers were used to amplify a Nocardia genus-specific 598-bp fragment of 16S rRNA."n"nResults: Nineteen samples (10.56%) were positive with PCR and 5 samples (2.78%) with conventional methods. All samples with positive cultures were also positive by PCR."n"nConclusion: The results of this study showed that PCR has a high sensitivity and accuracy for the detection of Nocardia compared with culture and biochemical tests. Considering the rapidity, precision, high sensitivity and specificity of molecular techniques, use of these techniques is suggested in conjunction with conventional methods for the detection of Nocardia phenotypes in clinical laboratories and research centers.
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