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Identifying Chinese species of Gammarus (Crustacea: Amphipoda) using DNA barcoding

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Author(s): HOU Zhong-E | LI Zhu | LI Shu-Qiang

Journal: Current Zoology
ISSN 1674-5507

Volume: 55;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 158;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Gammarus | Cytochrome c oxidase I | DNA barcoding | Cryptic species | Taxonomy

ABSTRACT
Using a standard cytochrome c oxidase I sequence, DNA barcoding has been shown to be effective to distinguish known species and to discover cryptic species. Here we assessed the efficiency of DNA barcoding for the amphipod genus Gammarus from China. The maximum intraspecific divergence for widespread species, Gammarus lacustris, was 3.5%, and mean interspecific divergence reached 21.9%. We presented a conservative benchmark for determining provisional species using maximum intraspecific divergence of Gammarus lacustris. Thirty-one species possessed distinct barcode clusters. Two species were comprised of highly divergent clades with strong neighbor-joining bootstrap values, and likely indicated the presence of cryptic species. Although DNA barcoding is effective, future identification of species of Gammarus should incorporate DNA barcoding and morphological detection.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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