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Idiopathic Gingival Fibromatosis Associated With Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis Combined With Plasma Cell Gingivitis: A Rare Case Report

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Author(s): Fatema Saify | Preeti Moda

Journal: Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology Journal
ISSN 0976-1225

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 253;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: gingival hyperplasia | fibromatosis | Aggressive periodontitis | Plasma cell

ABSTRACT
Gingival hyperplasia is a rare condition but it is important for cosmetic andmechanic reasons and because of its potential as an indicator of systemic disease.Gingival fibromatosis may exist as an isolated abnormality or as part of a syndrome.Aggressive periodontitis, another genetically transmitted disorder of the periodontium,typically results in severe, rapid destruction of the toothsupporting apparatus. Theincreased susceptibility of the host population with aggressive periodontitis may becaused by the combined effects of multiple genes and their interaction with variousenvironmental factors. Plasma cell gingivitis (PCG) is reportedly an uncommon oralcondition with distinctive clinical and microscopical features. The condition ischaracterized by diffuse gingival enlargement, erythema and sometimes bydesquamation.We present a rare case of a nonsyndromic idiopathic gingival enlargementassociated with generalized aggressive periodontitis. The patient's clinical features,treatment received, the histopathologic presentation and proper management of thecondition are discussed.
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