Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

<i>In Situ</i> UV–Vis Spectroelectrochemical Studies on the Copolymerization of Diphenylamine and <i>o</i>-Phenylenediamine

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): Lei Zhang | Baoqin Hou | Qiuhua Lang

Journal: American Journal of Analytical Chemistry
ISSN 2156-8251

Volume: 02;
Issue: 02;
Start page: 182;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: o-Phenylenediamine | Diphenylamine | Copolymerization | In Situ UV-Vis Spectroelectrochemistry

ABSTRACT
The in situ ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroelectrochemical study on the copolymerization of diphenylamine (DPA) and o-phenylenediamine (OPD) has been performed at a constant potential of 0.8 V using indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass electrodes as working electrode. And also, as a comparison, the electrochemical homopolymerizations of DPA and OPD have been investigated by using the in situ spectroelectrochemical technique. The intermediate species generated during the electrochemical homopoly-merization of DPA and OPD, and the copolymerization of DPA with OPD have been identified by using the in situ spectroelectrochemical procedure. The results reveal the formation of an intermediate in the initial stage of copolymerization through the cross-reaction of the cation radicals of DPA and OPD, and the absorption peak located at 538 nm in the UV–Vis spectra is assigned to this intermediate. To further investigate the copolymerization of DPA with OPD, cyclic voltammetry (CV) has been used to study the electrochemical homopolymerization of DPA and OPD and also the copolymerization of DPA and OPD with different concentration ratios in solution. The different voltammetric characteristics between the homopolymerization and copolymerization processes exhibit the occurrence of the copolymerization, and the difference between the copolymerization of DPA and OPD with different concentration ratios shows the dependence of the copoly-merization on the concentrations of DPA and OPD. The copolymer has also been characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR).

Tango Rapperswil
Tango Rapperswil

     Affiliate Program