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IMB2026791, a Xanthone, Stimulates Cholesterol Efflux by Increasing the Binding of Apolipoprotein A-I to ATP-Binding Cassette Transporter A1

Author(s): Jikai Liu | Zhongbing Zhang | Yanni Xu | Tingting Feng | Wei Jiang | Zhuorong Li | Bin Hong | Zijian Xie | Shuyi Si

Journal: Molecules
ISSN 1420-3049

Volume: 17;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 2833;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: ABCA1 | regulator | high-throughput screening | xanthone | anti-atherosclerosis agent | cholesterol efflux

It is known that the ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) plays a major role in cholesterol homeostasis and high density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism. Several laboratories have demonstrated that ABCA1 binding to lipid-poor apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) will mediate the assembly of nascent HDL and cellular cholesterol efflux, which suggests a possible receptor-ligand interaction between ABCA1 and apoA-I. In this study, a cell-based-ELISA-like high-throughput screening (HTS) method was developed to identify the synthetic and natural compounds that can regulate binding activity of ABCA1 to apoA-I. The cell-based-ELISA-like high-throughput screen was conducted in a 96-well format using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably transfected with ABCA1 pIRE2-EGFP (Enhanced Green Fluorecence Protein) expression vector and the known ABCA1 inhibitor glibenclamide as the antagonist control. From 2,600 compounds, a xanthone compound (IMB 2026791) was selected using this HTS assay, and it was proved as an apoA-I binding agonist to ABCA1 by a flow cytometry assay and western blot analysis. The [3H] cholesterol efflux assay of IMB2026791 treated ABCA1-CHO cells and PMA induced THP-1 macrophages (human acute monocytic leukemia cell) further confirmed the compound as an accelerator of cholesterol efflux in a dose-dependent manner with an EC50 of 25.23 μM.
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