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The impact of government income transfers on the Brazilian job market

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Author(s): Emerson Marinho | Sérgio Mendes

Journal: Estudos Econômicos
ISSN 0101-4161

Volume: 43;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 29;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: transferência de renda | oferta de trabalho | viés de seleção | income transference | labor supply | selection bias

ABSTRACT
This paper intends to analyze the impact of transferences over the formal and informal labor supply from the family heads. For the analyze of the effects in scope of the entrance decisions in job market it was estimated a multinomial logit, while in the scope of the working time it was used a variation of the method of Durbin and McFadden (1984) for selection bias correction. It has verified that transferences have positive effect over the probabilities that the individual doesn't work and does informally work. However, this last one seems to be related to a substitution effect, once it has been observed a parallel negative effect over the probability to work on the formal sector. It has been obtained yet that the benefits negatively impacts on the offered hours by the family heads whether in the formal or non-formal sector, effect that has happened to be verified on the hours offering in formal sector of all individuals. On the other hand, as we consider the hours of working of those who are engaged in informal sector, it has obtained that income transferences perform not as a discourage issue but as a magnifier factor of worked hours.Este artigo se propõe a analisar o impacto das transferências de renda governamentais sobre a oferta de trabalho formal e informal dos chefes de família no Brasil. Adicionalmente analisam-se os seus efeitos sobre as decisões dos indivíduos de entrar no mercado de trabalho. Para o primeiro objetivo estimou-se um logit multinomial, enquanto no âmbito da oferta de trabalho utilizou-se uma variação do método de Durbin e Mc Fadden (1984), que corrige o problema de viés de seleção. Dentre outros resultados obtidos, as transferências de renda contribuíram para o aumento da probabilidade de um chefe de família estar desempregado ou trabalhar no mercado informal. Por outro lado, diminui a sua chance de ficar empregado no setor formal caracterizando assim um efeito substituição. Com relação à oferta no mercado de trabalho, as transferências de renda governamentais parecem estar desincentivando o aumento de horas de trabalho tanto no setor formal quanto informal.
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